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Innovation in Byzantine Medicine: The Writings of John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330)

by: Bouras-Vallianatos, P.

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Category: New Books
Code: 26855
ISBN-13: 9780198850687 / 978-0-19-885068-7
ISBN-10: 0198850689 / 0-19-885068-9
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication Date: 2020
Publication Place: Oxford
Binding: Cloth
Book Condition: New
Comments: Oxford Studies in Byzantium

Innovation in Byzantine Medicine
The Writings of John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330)
Petros Bouras-Vallianatos
Oxford Studies in Byzantium
Presents the first full-scale critical study of the writings of the preeminent Late Byzantine physician John Zacharias Aktouarios and, more generally, of Byzantine medical literature in any language
Sets John's works within their broader social and intellectual context, providing new insights into the cross-cultural transfer of knowledge between Byzantium and its neighbours
Draws on detailed analysis of a wide range of medical sources, including unpublished material, such as the Greek translation of Ibn al-Jazzār's Zād al-Musāfir
Opens up new avenues for comparative studies in the history of medicine and, in particular, the exploration of similar medical developments in the medieval West and the Islamic World

Description
Byzantine medicine remains a little known and misrepresented field not only in the context of debates on medieval medicine, but also among Byzantinists themselves. It is often viewed as 'stagnant' and mainly preserving ancient ideas, and our knowledge of it continues to be based to a great extent on the comments of earlier authorities, which are often repeated uncritically.

This volume presents the first comprehensive examination of the medical corpus of, arguably, the most important Late Byzantine physician: John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330). Its main thesis is that John's medical works show an astonishing degree of openness to knowledge from outside Byzantium combined with a significant degree of originality, in particular, in the fields of uroscopy and human physiology. The analysis of John's edited (On Urines and On Psychic Pneuma) and unedited (Medical Epitome) treatises is supported for the first time by the consultation of a large number of manuscripts, and is also informed by evidence from a wide range of medical sources, including those previously unpublished, and texts from other genres, such as epistolography and merchants' accounts. The contextualization of John's corpus sheds new light on the development of Byzantine medical thought and practice, and enhances our understanding of the Late Byzantine social and intellectual landscape. Through examination of his medical observations in the light of examples from the medieval Latin and Islamic worlds, his theories are also placed within the wider Mediterranean milieu, highlighting the cultural exchange between Byzantium and its neighbours.

Table of Contents
Frontmatter
List of Figures
List of Tables
Note to the Reader
1:Introduction
2:On Urines: Byzantine Uroscopy between Tradition and Innovation
3:On Urines: The Physician and his Patients
4:Medical Epitome: A Handbook for Philiatroi ('Amateur Physicians')
5:Medical Epitome: Assembling Pharmacological Knowledge in Late Byzantium
6:On Psychic Pneuma: John's Advice on How to Lead a Healthy Life
7:Conclusion
Appendices
1. Glossary of Medical Terms
2. Accounts of Urine Colour in Theophilos' On Urines and John's On Urines
3. John's Diagram of the Urine Vial in his On Urines
4. Treatment of Eye Affections and Scirrhus in John's Medical Epitome, Book Four
5. The Manuscripts of the Medical Epitome
6. Chapter Titles of Johns Medical Epitome, Books Three and Four, and List of Recipes of Books Five and Six
Endmatter
Bibliography
Index Rerum et Nominum
Index Locorum
Index Codicum Manu Scriptorum

 
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Innovation in Byzantine Medicine: The Writings of John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330)

by: Bouras-Vallianatos, P.

  • ISBN-13: 9780198850687 / 978-0-19-885068-7
  • ISBN-03: 0198850689 / 0-19-885068-9
  • Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2020

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